文本最后编辑时间:2020-06-13

前言

在这之前,我一直使用的都是cmder,但是这东西说真的,有点难用。不过好在微软推出了Windows Terminal,经过我的实测,感觉还是不错的。毕竟颜值才是第一生产力。

image-20200604173746487

开始操作

  1. 下载Windows Terminal

    下载很简单,在微软商店下载即可。

    image-20200604172452842

  2. 安装一个字体,比较推荐的是Fira Code

    单击此处从 GitHub 下载。

  3. 安装新款 Powershell Core

    首先声明,我们这儿用的 Powershell 与 Windows 自带的 Powershell 是完全不同的两个东西,除了功能相似和名字相同,两者内在已经天差地别。

    Powershell Core 是什么呢?这是伟大的 .Net Core 跨平台战略的一个重要组成部分,微软设想,要让强大的 .Net 在所有平台上通用,让这么强大的 Powershell 在所有平台上都能用,古老的 bash 可以退休了!

    下载地址(可下载最新版本,不一定要下载图中所示)

    image-20200604172952110

  4. 安装Powershell插件

    • PSReadLine

      PSReadLine 是一个由微软发布的用于 PowerShell 的行读取实现,提供了以下功能:

      • 语法着色
      • 简单语法错误通知
      • 良好的多行体验
      • 可自定义的键绑定
      • Cmd和Emacs模式
      • 许多配置选项
      • Bash 样式的补全
      • Bash/zsh 样式的交互式历史记录搜索
      • Emacs yank/kill ring
      • 基于 PowerShell Token 的单词移动和删除
      • 撤销/重做
      • 自动保存历史记录,包括在实时会话中共享历史记录
      • 菜单补全、Intellisense

      GitHub地址:https://github.com/PowerShell/PSReadLine

    • oh-my-posh&posh-git

      类似于 oh-my-zsh,oh-my-posh 为 PowerShell 提供了很多自定义主题和配色,而 posh-git 为 PowerShell 提供了 git 状态显示和命令补全等。

      GitHub地址:https://github.com/JanDeDobbeleer/oh-my-posh

    看完上边的三个插件介绍,我们来安装这三个插件。

    用管理员模式打开刚装好的新版 powershell,逐行输入命令。

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7
    8
    # 1. 安装 PSReadline 包,该插件可以让命令行很好用,类似 zsh
    Install-Module -Name PSReadLine -AllowPrerelease -Force

    # 2. 安装 posh-git 包,让你的 git 更好用
    Install-Module posh-git -Scope CurrentUser

    # 3. 安装 oh-my-posh 包,让你的命令行更酷炫、优雅
    Install-Module oh-my-posh -Scope CurrentUser

    image-20200604174115515

    image-20200604174201074

    安装完成

    一定要用刚刚安装的新版的powershell,安装过程可能过于慢,请耐心等待。

    后面两个包的来源可能不受系统信任,不用管它,如果让你选择是否信任,直接输入 Y 即可。

  5. 编辑$Profile文件。

    这个文件类似于 ~/.zshrc,会在 PowerShell 启动的时候自动执行,因此我们在这个文件中加载我们所需的模块。

    • Windows

      notepad.exe $Profile

    • Linux

      nano $Profile

    然后在这个文件中添加如下内容:

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7
    8
    9
    10
    Import-Module posh-git # 引入 posh-git
    Import-Module oh-my-posh # 引入 oh-my-posh

    Set-Theme Paradox # 设置主题为 Paradox

    Set-PSReadlineKeyHandler -Key Tab -Function Complete # 设置 Tab 键补全
    Set-PSReadLineKeyHandler -Key "Ctrl+d" -Function MenuComplete # 设置 Ctrl+d 为菜单补全和 Intellisense
    Set-PSReadLineKeyHandler -Key "Ctrl+z" -Function Undo # 设置 Ctrl+z 为撤销
    Set-PSReadLineKeyHandler -Key UpArrow -Function HistorySearchBackward # 设置向上键为后向搜索历史记录
    Set-PSReadLineKeyHandler -Key DownArrow -Function HistorySearchForward # 设置向下键为前向搜索历史纪录

    oh-my-posh提供了 10 款 漂亮 的主题供我们选择。 Agnoster,Avit,Darkblood,Fish,Honukai,Paradox,PowerLine,robbyrussell,Sorin,tehrob

  6. 接下来打开Windows Terminal

    Windows Terminal默认为旧版本的powershell,我们需要把新版本作为默认。

    image-20200604175634559

    修改的内容有三个,如果你不想自己改可以直接将我的粘贴到配置文件(需要注意的是:你的commandline,如果按照默认路径安装(预览版),那么可以直接复制下边。正式版或者更换了安装位置,那么请手动更改位置。其他信息试自己能力进行修改)。

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7
    8
    9
    10
    11
    12
    13
    14
    15
    16
    17
    18
    19
    20
    21
    22
    23
    24
    25
    26
    27
    28
    29
    30
    31
    32
    33
    34
    35
    36
    37
    38
    39
    40
    41
    42
    43
    44
    45
    46
    47
    48
    49
    50
    51
    52
    53
    54
    55
    56
    57
    58
    59
    60
    61
    62
    63
    64
    65
    66
    67
    68
    69
    70
    71
    72
    73
    74
    75
    76
    77
    78
    79
    80
    81
    82
    83
    84
    85
    86
    87
    88
    89
    90
    91
    92
    93
    94
    95
    96
    97
    98
    99
    100
    101
    102
    103
    104
    105
    106
    107
    108
    109
    110
    111
    112
    113
    114
    115
    116
    117
    118
    119
    120
    121
    122
    123
    124
    125
    126
    127
    128
    129
    130
    131
    132
    133
    134
    135
    136
    137
    138
    139
    140
    141
    142
    143
    144
    145
    146
    147
    148
    149
    150
    151
    152
    153
    154
    155
    156
    157
    158
    159
    160
    161
    162
    163
    164
    165
    166
    167
    168
    169
    170
    171
    172
    173
    174
    175
    176
    177
    178
    179
    180
    181
    182
    183
    184
    185
    186
    187
    188
    189
    190
    191
    192
    193
    194
    195
    196
    197
    198
    199
    200
    201
    202
    203
    204
    205
    206
    207
    208
    209
    210
    211
    212
    213
    214
    215
    216
    217
    218
    219
    220
    221
    222
    223
    224
    225
    226
    227
    228
    229
    230
    231
    232
    233
    234
    235
    236
    237
    238
    239
    240
    241
    242
    243
    244
    245
    246
    247
    248
    249
    250
    251
    252
    253
    254
    255
    256
    257
    258
    259
    260
    261
    262
    263
    264
    265
    266
    267
    268
    269
    270
    271
    272
    273
    274
    275
    276
    277
    278
    279
    280
    281
    282
    283
    284
    285
    286
    287
    288
    289
    290
    291
    292
    293
    294
    295
    296
    297
    298
    299
    300
    301
    302
    303
    304
    305
    306
    307
    308
    309
    310
    311
    312
    313
    314
    315
    316
    317
    318
    319
    320
    321
    322
    323
    324
    325
    326
    327
    328
    329
    330
    331
    332
    333
    334
    335
    336
    337
    338
    339
    340
    341
    342
    343
    344
    345
    346
    347
    348
    349
    350
    351
    352
    353
    354
    355
    356
    357
    358
    359
    360
    361
    362
    363
    // This file was initially generated by Windows Terminal 1.0.1401.0
    // It should still be usable in newer versions, but newer versions might have additional
    // settings, help text, or changes that you will not see unless you clear this file
    // and let us generate a new one for you.

    // To view the default settings, hold "alt" while clicking on the "Settings" button.
    // For documentation on these settings, see: https://aka.ms/terminal-documentation
    {
    "$schema": "https://aka.ms/terminal-profiles-schema",

    "defaultProfile": "{574e775e-4f2a-5b96-ac1e-a2962a402336}",

    // You can add more global application settings here.
    // To learn more about global settings, visit https://aka.ms/terminal-global-settings

    // If enabled, selections are automatically copied to your clipboard.
    "copyOnSelect": false,

    // If enabled, formatted data is also copied to your clipboard
    "copyFormatting": false,

    // A profile specifies a command to execute paired with information about how it should look and feel.
    // Each one of them will appear in the 'New Tab' dropdown,
    // and can be invoked from the commandline with `wt.exe -p xxx`
    // To learn more about profiles, visit https://aka.ms/terminal-profile-settings
    "profiles": {
    "defaults": {
    // Put settings here that you want to apply to all profiles.
    },
    "list": [
    {
    // Make changes here to the powershell.exe profile.
    "guid": "{61c54bbd-c2c6-5271-96e7-009a87ff44bf}",
    "name": "Windows PowerShell",
    "commandline": "powershell.exe",
    "hidden": false
    },
    {
    // Make changes here to the cmd.exe profile.
    "guid": "{0caa0dad-35be-5f56-a8ff-afceeeaa6101}",
    "name": "命令提示符",
    "commandline": "cmd.exe",
    "hidden": false
    },
    {
    "guid": "{b453ae62-4e3d-5e58-b989-0a998ec441b8}",
    "hidden": false,
    "name": "Azure Cloud Shell",
    "source": "Windows.Terminal.Azure"
    },
    {
    "guid": "{574e775e-4f2a-5b96-ac1e-a2962a402336}",
    "hidden": false,
    "name": "PowerShell",
    "source": "Windows.Terminal.PowershellCore"
    },
    {
    // Powershell 7 配置
    "guid": "{574e775e-4f2a-5b96-ac1e-a2962a402336}",
    "hidden": false,
    "name": "pwsh",
    // 注意:一定要写上 -nologo,否则开启 powershll 会有一段话输出,很讨厌!
    // 如果下载的是正是版,那么路径为:C:/Program Files/PowerShell/7/pwsh.exe -nologo
    "commandline": "C:/Program Files/PowerShell/7-preview/pwsh.exe -nologo",
    "source": "Windows.Terminal.PowershellCore",
    // 启动菜单一定要设置为 <.>,否则后面重要的一步将会无效!
    "startingDirectory": ".",
    // 字体
    "fontFace": "Fira Code",
    "fontSize": 11,
    "historySize": 9001,
    "padding": "5, 5, 20, 25",
    "snapOnInput": true,
    "useAcrylic": false,
    // 颜色
    "colorScheme": "idleToes"
    } ]
    },

    // Add custom color schemes to this array.
    // To learn more about color schemes, visit https://aka.ms/terminal-color-schemes
    "schemes": [
    {
    "name": "Zenburn",
    "black": "#4d4d4d",
    "red": "#705050",
    "green": "#60b48a",
    "yellow": "#f0dfaf",
    "blue": "#506070",
    "purple": "#dc8cc3",
    "cyan": "#8cd0d3",
    "white": "#dcdccc",
    "brightBlack": "#709080",
    "brightRed": "#dca3a3",
    "brightGreen": "#c3bf9f",
    "brightYellow": "#e0cf9f",
    "brightBlue": "#94bff3",
    "brightPurple": "#ec93d3",
    "brightCyan": "#93e0e3",
    "brightWhite": "#ffffff",
    "background": "#3f3f3f",
    "foreground": "#dcdccc"
    },
    {
    "name": "PencilDark",
    "black": "#212121",
    "red": "#c30771",
    "green": "#10a778",
    "yellow": "#a89c14",
    "blue": "#008ec4",
    "purple": "#523c79",
    "cyan": "#20a5ba",
    "white": "#d9d9d9",
    "brightBlack": "#424242",
    "brightRed": "#fb007a",
    "brightGreen": "#5fd7af",
    "brightYellow": "#f3e430",
    "brightBlue": "#20bbfc",
    "brightPurple": "#6855de",
    "brightCyan": "#4fb8cc",
    "brightWhite": "#f1f1f1",
    "background": "#212121",
    "foreground": "#f1f1f1"
    },
    {
    "name": "Slate",
    "black": "#222222",
    "red": "#e2a8bf",
    "green": "#81d778",
    "yellow": "#c4c9c0",
    "blue": "#264b49",
    "purple": "#a481d3",
    "cyan": "#15ab9c",
    "white": "#02c5e0",
    "brightBlack": "#ffffff",
    "brightRed": "#ffcdd9",
    "brightGreen": "#beffa8",
    "brightYellow": "#d0ccca",
    "brightBlue": "#7ab0d2",
    "brightPurple": "#c5a7d9",
    "brightCyan": "#8cdfe0",
    "brightWhite": "#e0e0e0",
    "background": "#222222",
    "foreground": "#35b1d2"
    },
    {
    "name": "OneHalfDark",
    "black": "#282c34",
    "red": "#e06c75",
    "green": "#98c379",
    "yellow": "#e5c07b",
    "blue": "#61afef",
    "purple": "#c678dd",
    "cyan": "#56b6c2",
    "white": "#dcdfe4",
    "brightBlack": "#282c34",
    "brightRed": "#e06c75",
    "brightGreen": "#98c379",
    "brightYellow": "#e5c07b",
    "brightBlue": "#61afef",
    "brightPurple": "#c678dd",
    "brightCyan": "#56b6c2",
    "brightWhite": "#dcdfe4",
    "background": "#282c34",
    "foreground": "#dcdfe4"
    },
    {
    "name": "OneHalfLight",
    "black": "#383a42",
    "red": "#e45649",
    "green": "#50a14f",
    "yellow": "#c18401",
    "blue": "#0184bc",
    "purple": "#a626a4",
    "cyan": "#0997b3",
    "white": "#fafafa",
    "brightBlack": "#4f525e",
    "brightRed": "#e06c75",
    "brightGreen": "#98c379",
    "brightYellow": "#e5c07b",
    "brightBlue": "#61afef",
    "brightPurple": "#c678dd",
    "brightCyan": "#56b6c2",
    "brightWhite": "#ffffff",
    "background": "#fafafa",
    "foreground": "#383a42"
    },
    {
    "name": "Material",
    "black": "#212121",
    "red": "#b7141f",
    "green": "#457b24",
    "yellow": "#f6981e",
    "blue": "#134eb2",
    "purple": "#560088",
    "cyan": "#0e717c",
    "white": "#efefef",
    "brightBlack": "#424242",
    "brightRed": "#e83b3f",
    "brightGreen": "#7aba3a",
    "brightYellow": "#ffea2e",
    "brightBlue": "#54a4f3",
    "brightPurple": "#aa4dbc",
    "brightCyan": "#26bbd1",
    "brightWhite": "#d9d9d9",
    "background": "#eaeaea",
    "foreground": "#232322"
    },
    {
    "name": "MaterialDark",
    "black": "#212121",
    "red": "#b7141f",
    "green": "#457b24",
    "yellow": "#f6981e",
    "blue": "#134eb2",
    "purple": "#560088",
    "cyan": "#0e717c",
    "white": "#efefef",
    "brightBlack": "#424242",
    "brightRed": "#e83b3f",
    "brightGreen": "#7aba3a",
    "brightYellow": "#ffea2e",
    "brightBlue": "#54a4f3",
    "brightPurple": "#aa4dbc",
    "brightCyan": "#26bbd1",
    "brightWhite": "#d9d9d9",
    "background": "#232322",
    "foreground": "#e5e5e5"
    },
    {
    "name": "Homebrew",
    "black": "#000000",
    "red": "#FC5275",
    "green": "#00a600",
    "yellow": "#999900",
    "blue": "#6666e9",
    "purple": "#b200b2",
    "cyan": "#00a6b2",
    "white": "#bfbfbf",
    "brightBlack": "#666666",
    "brightRed": "#e50000",
    "brightGreen": "#00d900",
    "brightYellow": "#e5e500",
    "brightBlue": "#0000ff",
    "brightPurple": "#e500e5",
    "brightCyan": "#00e5e5",
    "brightWhite": "#e5e5e5",
    "background": "#283033",
    "foreground": "#00ff00"
    },
    {
    "name": "Breeze",
    "black": "#31363b",
    "red": "#ed1515",
    "green": "#11d116",
    "yellow": "#f67400",
    "blue": "#1d99f3",
    "purple": "#9b59b6",
    "cyan": "#1abc9c",
    "white": "#eff0f1",
    "brightBlack": "#7f8c8d",
    "brightRed": "#c0392b",
    "brightGreen": "#1cdc9a",
    "brightYellow": "#fdbc4b",
    "brightBlue": "#3daee9",
    "brightPurple": "#8e44ad",
    "brightCyan": "#16a085",
    "brightWhite": "#fcfcfc",
    "background": "#31363b",
    "foreground": "#eff0f1"
    },
    {
    "name": "idleToes",
    "black": "#323232",
    "red": "#d25252",
    "green": "#7fe173",
    "yellow": "#ffc66d",
    "blue": "#4099ff",
    "purple": "#f680ff",
    "cyan": "#bed6ff",
    "white": "#eeeeec",
    "brightBlack": "#535353",
    "brightRed": "#f07070",
    "brightGreen": "#9dff91",
    "brightYellow": "#ffe48b",
    "brightBlue": "#5eb7f7",
    "brightPurple": "#ff9dff",
    "brightCyan": "#dcf4ff",
    "brightWhite": "#ffffff",
    "background": "#323232",
    "foreground": "#00ff00"
    },
    {
    "name": "Firewatch",
    "black": "#585f6d",
    "red": "#d95360",
    "green": "#5ab977",
    "yellow": "#dfb563",
    "blue": "#4d89c4",
    "purple": "#d55119",
    "cyan": "#44a8b6",
    "white": "#e6e5ff",
    "brightBlack": "#585f6d",
    "brightRed": "#d95360",
    "brightGreen": "#5ab977",
    "brightYellow": "#dfb563",
    "brightBlue": "#4c89c5",
    "brightPurple": "#d55119",
    "brightCyan": "#44a8b6",
    "brightWhite": "#e6e5ff",
    "background": "#1e2027",
    "foreground": "#9ba2b2"
    },
    {
    "name": "Github",
    "black": "#3e3e3e",
    "red": "#970b16",
    "green": "#07962a",
    "yellow": "#f8eec7",
    "blue": "#003e8a",
    "purple": "#e94691",
    "cyan": "#89d1ec",
    "white": "#ffffff",
    "brightBlack": "#666666",
    "brightRed": "#de0000",
    "brightGreen": "#87d5a2",
    "brightYellow": "#f1d007",
    "brightBlue": "#2e6cba",
    "brightPurple": "#ffa29f",
    "brightCyan": "#1cfafe",
    "brightWhite": "#ffffff",
    "background": "#f4f4f4",
    "foreground": "#3e3e3e"
    }
    ],

    // Add custom keybindings to this array.
    // To unbind a key combination from your defaults.json, set the command to "unbound".
    // To learn more about keybindings, visit https://aka.ms/terminal-keybindings
    "keybindings": [
    // Copy and paste are bound to Ctrl+Shift+C and Ctrl+Shift+V in your defaults.json.
    // These two lines additionally bind them to Ctrl+C and Ctrl+V.
    // To learn more about selection, visit https://aka.ms/terminal-selection
    { "command": { "action": "copy", "singleLine": false }, "keys": "ctrl+c" },
    { "command": "paste", "keys": "ctrl+v" },

    // Press Ctrl+Shift+F to open the search box
    { "command": "find", "keys": "ctrl+shift+f" },

    // Press Alt+Shift+D to open a new pane.
    // - "split": "auto" makes this pane open in the direction that provides the most surface area.
    // - "splitMode": "duplicate" makes the new pane use the focused pane's profile.
    // To learn more about panes, visit https://aka.ms/terminal-panes
    {
    "command": {
    "action": "splitPane",
    "split": "auto",
    "splitMode": "duplicate"
    },
    "keys": "alt+shift+d"
    }
    ]
    }
    • defaultProfile

      defaultProfile改为新的powershell。

      1
      "defaultProfile": "{574e775e-4f2a-5b96-ac1e-a2962a402336}",
    • list

      在list中新增一个配置,也就是我们的新版powershell。

      1
      2
      3
      4
      5
      6
      7
      8
      9
      10
      11
      12
      13
      14
      15
      16
      17
      18
      19
      20
      {
      // Powershell 7.1.0-preview.2 配置
      "guid": "{574e775e-4f2a-5b96-ac1e-a2962a402336}",
      "hidden": false,
      "name": "pwsh",
      // 注意:一定要写上 -nologo,否则开启 powershll 会有一段话输出,很讨厌!
      "commandline": "C:/Program Files/PowerShell/7-preview/pwsh.exe -nologo",
      "source": "Windows.Terminal.PowershellCore",
      // 启动菜单一定要设置为 <.>,否则后面重要的一步将会无效!
      "startingDirectory": ".",
      // 字体
      "fontFace": "Fira Code",
      "fontSize": 11,
      "historySize": 9001,
      "padding": "5, 5, 20, 25",
      "snapOnInput": true,
      "useAcrylic": false,
      // 颜色
      "colorScheme": "idleToes"
      },
    • colorScheme

      这个也就是配色。

      1
      2
      3
      4
      5
      6
      7
      8
      9
      10
      11
      12
      13
      14
      15
      16
      17
      18
      19
      20
      21
      {
      "name": "idleToes",
      "black": "#323232",
      "red": "#d25252",
      "green": "#7fe173",
      "yellow": "#ffc66d",
      "blue": "#4099ff",
      "purple": "#f680ff",
      "cyan": "#bed6ff",
      "white": "#eeeeec",
      "brightBlack": "#535353",
      "brightRed": "#f07070",
      "brightGreen": "#9dff91",
      "brightYellow": "#ffe48b",
      "brightBlue": "#5eb7f7",
      "brightPurple": "#ff9dff",
      "brightCyan": "#dcf4ff",
      "brightWhite": "#ffffff",
      "background": "#323232",
      "foreground": "#00ff00"
      },
  7. 配置鼠标右键

    完成上面的操作后,重新打开Windows Terminal就会发现模样已经变化了。

    image-20200604180232963

    接下来就是配置鼠标右键了,添加鼠标右键的方式有两种,一种是用脚本,另一种就是改注册表。我本人比较推荐直接使用脚本,毕竟修改注册表有风险。。。

    1. 直接使用脚本

      脚本下载地址:https://github.com/lextm/windowsterminal-shell/

      在 .\install.ps1 后面接参数可以定制你要的效果,该仓库提供了三个效果。如果不加参数,则使用默认效果。该仓库有个好处,那就是可以添加一个右键【以管理员身份在此打开】的选项,简便了不少。

      再次使用管理员模式打开PowerShell7,然后切换到放install.ps1的目录进行安装。我这里使用默认安装。如果你想用其他模式,也可以使用其他模式,看自己心情即可。其他模式请参考项目文档。

      image-20200604180936562

      image-20200604180956425

    2. 修改注册表。

      自行百度

  8. 接下来我们到对应目录点击pwsh即可呼唤出新版的powershell。

问题说明

  1. 实验环境

    VMware下的Windows2004版本

  2. 本文中所使用的文件打包

    https://tzk.lanzous.com/b06lz9sfa
    密码:dkqs